Modi went on to say that there could not be any difference between the riots of 1984 and those of 2002. Hindu-Muslim conflicts have been going on for the past 1300-1400 years. The Report asserted that the communal passions of the Hindus were aroused to fever pitch by the inciting writings in print media, particularly Saamna and Navaakal which gave exaggerated accounts of the Mathadi murders and the Radhabai Chawl incident. MHA 2020 Review: Exemplar of Fabrication and Authoritarian Pride? This phase occurred in January 1993, with most incidents reported between 6 and 20 January. It also saw riots of a large scale in 1980, 1982, 1990-1991- 1992. Five houses belonging to Muslims, a temple, a Masjid, a Dargah and six shops – five owned by Muslims and one by a Hindu – were burned down. The violence demonstrates that the riots of Gujarat 2002, the demolition of the Babri Mosque in 1992 or the horrendous lynching of a Muslim man for consuming beef would not elude India as long as the Modi regime continues to be in power. The report of the commission stated that the tolerant and secular foundations of the city were holding even if a little shakily. Radhika Singh The mainstream media abets Islamists globally, hiding stories about Islamic brutalities while highlighting, underscoring, and exaggerating instances that have a Muslim victim, even if he or she is a thief or a suicide bomber. Soon after the incident, multiple boards came up between Dhansura and Vadagam – a stretch of about eight kilometres – that read: “Hindu Rashtra ke Vadagam, Dhansura, Harsol aur Talod me apka swagat hai” (Welcome to Hindu Rashtra’s Vadagam, Harsol and Talod.). Pune Metro: Pillars in River Heighten Flood Risk, Will They Be Reconsidered? The … The state saw far worse riots in 1969 and 1985. The Justice Reddy Commission set up by his government blamed the Hindu nationalist organizations for the violence. 2002 Gujarat riots probe: SC relieves SIT chief RK Raghavan. There has been a surge of local Hindu supremacist outfits in small towns across the state. However, a few days after the ‘compromise’, the couple fled the village and the tribal community attacked the Muslim locality. The riots were caused by the municipal council's decision to remove the dargah (shrine) of Syed Chishti Rashiduddin, a medieval Sufi saint. The Shiv Sena government rejected its recommendations. The first was mainly a Muslim instigation as a result of the Babri Masjid demolition in the week immediately succeeding 7 December 1992 led by political leaders representing Hindutva in the city of Ayodhya. It was a black day in the history of India. The report was criticised as "politically motivated". For instance, an outfit named Shri Ram Sena, formed about three or four years old and based in Khambhat, is constantly engaged in spreading hate speech and a distorted version of history on social media. Can the State Dictate what Religion you will Follow and who you will Marry? … Men, women and youngsters from Gujarat, constituting possibly the largest contingent from anywhere in the country, partici- pated in the demolition of the Babri Masjid on December 6, 1992. (31 Dec 2002) Ayodhya The Indian town of Ayodhya, in the state of Uttar Pradesh, became the focus of tensions between Hindu nationalists and Muslims. According to a study by Buniyaad, a Gujarat-based minority rights organisation, the theatre for communal riots in the state has changed from urban to rural areas. The second phase was a Hindu backlash occurring as a result of the killings of Hindu Mathadi Kamgar (workers) by Muslim fanatics in Dongri (an area of South Bombay), stabbing of Hindus in Muslim majority areas and burning of six Hindus, including a disabled girl in Radhabai Chawl. [11] Historian Barbara Metcalf has stated that the riots were anti-Muslim pogrom. In another incident, an anti-ragging protest at Maharaja Sayajirao University (MSU) in Baroda took a communal turn. [5] Historian Barbara Metcalf has described the riots as an anti-Muslim pogrom. [13] The case was later dismissed. Sanjay Patel, BJP leader from Khambhat and a former MLA and Pinakin Brahmbhatt, the city unit head of the BJP, were among those who raised provocative religious slogans. The trigger was the demolition of the Babri Masjid at Ayodhya in Uttar Pradesh by thousands of maniacal Hindu right wingers. For latest updates on nCOVID-19 around the world visit our, ‘Notably, after almost every incident of a communal clash in small towns and villages of Gujarat, boards saying “Welcome to Hindu Rashtra” emerge.’, Mumbai: On the second day of Mahapadav agitation in Maharashtra, after walking down the Kasara ghat on Sunday early morning, thousands of, Sitting in a camp at the Palwal border, Shrikrishna Kushwaha shares an old proverb – “Uttam kheti madhyam baan, neech chakari bheekh nida, That India's COVID-19 vaccination programme. Around 25 people, including the girl’s family, came looking for Akbar soon after and verbally abused Allubhai, his father, and thrashed Akbar. An agreement was signed where the boy’s family agreed he would not return to the village and they would give the girl’s family Rs 35,000 as compensation; a settlement amount. Conversely, TADA was not used after the violence carried out against Muslims during the Bombay riots. Six years later, hundreds of Hindus and Muslims died in riots across two phases in Mumbai in 1992-93. The riots happened during the chief ministership of the Indian National Congress leader Hitendra Desai. Shiv Sena chief Bal Thackeray admitted his role as rightful reactions to … Notably, Khambhat, a coastal town in Anand district in central Gujarat, has emerged as a hot spot for communal tension since 2002. [3], The violence was widely reported as having been orchestrated by D-Company and their associates with the help of local Muslims. Seven FIRs were registered following the riots in which Patel and Brahmbhatt were named alongside several leaders of the Hindu Jagran Manch and a few local councillors. Post Gujarat Riots Case - The Gujarat Files - Gujarat Riots Case - Bashira bibi Sheikh, 50 lost her husband in the Sardarpura riots. Human Rights Watch was able to document patterns in Ahmedabad that echo those of previous episodes of anti-Muslim violence throughout the state and of anti-minority violence over the years in many parts of the country-most notably the Bombay riots in 1992 and 1993, and the anti-Sikh riots in Delhi in 1984. While Modi maintained that he had done everything in his power to contain the rioting, his critics accused him of having remained indifferent at best, and allowing the rioters a free rein at worst. Udhna police registered a case under IPC sections 143, 147, 148, 149, 436, 437, 120 (B) and TADA sections 5 and 7, and arrested 26 persons, including Ikbal Belim, Rahim Rana and Shakeel Ansari. Babri Masjid to Gujarat riots, Vajpayee rose above ideology to speak his mind. Though there was a lull in communal violence after the post – Babri Masjid riots, Gujarat remained hypersensitive throughout. They played a role in communalising a social media post on the Pulwama attack that resulted in riots in 2019,” said Ujjaini. He remembers a similar conversation as Kapoor’s in The Times of India during the Bombay riots – on the need to name the communities. The Bombay riots can be considered a result of larger communal tensions throughout India. The family of Hussainbhai Rahimwala Sheikh was among the Muslims who fled their home which was burnt to ashes. In February 2019, a petty feud between two children over flying kites in Akbarpura area turned into a communal riot. In the age of TV and social media, where visual imagery has primacy over the narrative, identities are impossible to cloak anymore. For five years until 1998, he examined victims, witnesses and alleged perpetrators. Starting from the demolition of Babri Masjid in 1992 to the Gujarat riots of 2002, to last year’s Delhi riots, speeches made by BJP leaders L.K. The 1969 Gujarat riots refers to the communal violence between Hindus and Muslims during September–October 1969, in Gujarat, India.The violence was Gujarat's first major riot that involved massacre, arson and looting on a large scale. In February 2020, Bhavsarwad, a Hindu-dominated area, was looted, following which an Anand-based right-wing outfit called Hindu Jagran Manch organised a rally and raised provocative slogans, urging Hindus to oust Muslims from the town. There were more than sixty investigations by national and international bodies many of which concluded that the violence was supported by state officials. JNUSU president Kanhaiya Kumar on Monday compared the alleged onslaught on varsities with Gujarat riots alleging both of them were carried out "with support" from state machinery even as he stressed that there is a fundamental difference between "emergency" and "fascism". Boards of "Welcome to Hindu Rashtra" in various places in Gujarat all signed by Bajrang Dal or VHP. The British colonial policy of Divide and Rule allegedly included administrative and political activities such as communalized census taking, and the Morley Minto reforms, that relied on communal segregation, and in particular Hindu-Muslim divisions. Abdul had been looking for his brother who was rumoured to have been killed in the violence of what are referred to as the ‘Bombay riots’, which left over 900 dead. The Supreme Court on Thursday allowed RK Raghavan, who was heading the apex court appointed Special Investigation Team (SIT) to probe 2002 Gujarat riots cases, to be relieved from the duty of heading the team. The communal violence and rioting triggered off by the burning at Dongri and Radhabhai Chawl, and the following retaliatory violence by Shiv Sena was hijacked by local criminal elements who potential opportunity to make quick gains. Nine businessmen from the western suburbs joined the Shiv Sena on the occasion. The Gujarati cell appealed to the next generation to connect with the Shiv Sena by spreading the message that the party had saved the community in the 1992-93 riots. “After the riots in Vadagam, activists were trying to counsel the fear-stricken families to return to the village when the boards were put up out of the blue. Explore more on Gujarat Riots Convict. [citation needed], According to the commission report, the causes of these riots were listed as, Only 3 convictions happened in the 1992-93 Bombay riots cases. [6], The riots were followed by the retaliatory 12 March 1993 Bombay Bombings.[7]. I was nine, a cripple, when Hindu nationalists came home with swords to select me and my sister for gang rape. Twelve people were injured in the attack. They are now happening at places which were unaffected by the riots of 2002,” Ujjaini added. [12]Bal Thackeray, the then-leader of the Shiv Sena, was arrested in July 2000 for his complicity in the riots and for 'inflammatory writings' that may have helped propagate the riots. Earlier, major cities like Ahmedabad, Surat and Vadodara had witnessed major communal riots in 1946, 1969,1981-82, 1985, 1990, 1992, 2002 and 2006. [8] Post-Independence, the after-effects of the Partition of India along communal lines, the resurgence of 'Hindu Muslim Economic competition', the growth of right-wing communalist movements such as the RSS,[9] and political strategies of 'appeasement' towards communal political influences by secular political authorities (see Shah Bano case), reinforced communalist ideologies in the country. The protestors were primarily protesting against a group of Muslim students who they accused of ‘luring’ Hindu girls of the college into relationships, calling it ‘Love Jihad’. “Another role these new right-wing outfits play is spreading propaganda like Love Jihad,” he added. [15] On 10 July 2008, a Mumbai court sentenced former Shiv Sena MP Madhukar Sarpotdar and two other party activists to a year's rigorous imprisonment in connection with the riots. “In 2019, there were six incidents of communal violence in Gujarat out which five incidents took place in small towns, blocks and villages like Khambat in Anand, Kota Gadi in Sabarkantha, Nandoliya in Kadi Taluka, Dhunadra in Kheda district,” Hozefa Ujjaini, a Gujarat-based minority rights activist who was part of the fact-finding team, told NewsClick. A report from the National Human Rights Commission of India (NHRC) stated that res ipsa loquitur applied as the state had comprehensively failed to protect uphold the rights of the people as set out in the Constitution of India. In Mehsana, a Muslim boy and Hindu girl students of a local college were confronted by Dhaval Barot, a local VHP member, who accused the boy of ‘Love Jihad’. Find Gujarat Riots Convict Latest News, Videos & Pictures on Gujarat Riots Convict and see latest updates, news, information from NDTV.COM. And while a human rights group challenged the decision in court, this attempt failed to revive the commission. Though the official death toll in the Surat riots … Mumbai witnessed one of the worst riots in the post independent India (see Engineer, The Gujarat Carnage). However, that did not stop incidents of communal clashes in Khambhat. “There is another pattern to these incidents of communal violence. Explore more on Gujarat Riots. There cannot be different standards to judge riots… I mentioned them to the district collector and told him that the boards add to the fear of these Muslim families. As per Buniyaad, in February 2012, a dispute over the construction of shops on land under the Waqf Board in Khambhat ended up in large-scale riots. One police personnel was injured in the violence. Detractors came initially from left quarters who were wary of a judge who was a devout and practising Hindu. However, post-2002, places like Chattral in Gandhinagar district, Vadavali in Patan, Khambhat in Anand, Idar in Sabarkantha and Halvad in Morbi have been witnessing communal violence. Later, another group arrived at his residence, demanding that Akbar be handed over. It took local police and the RAF about two hours to quell the mob. Disability Rights Organisations, Activists Write to Amit Shah, Ask that NCRB Maintains ‘Disaggregated Data’ on Violence Against Disabled Women, Forced Consent and No Transparency Can Create a Backlash against Vaccines, ‘If Govt Suspends Farm Laws Till 2024 Then We Have No Problem’, Why Hindutva Supporters Find Trump’s Defeat Hard to Accept, Love Jihad – Legislation of the Post Truth, Locking Down the Poor: The Pandemic and India’s Moral Centre, Badaun Gangrape Not the First Case of Police Lapses in UP; It’s Recurring. Subscribe to NewsClick's Telegram channel & get Real-Time updates on stories, as they get published on our website. In 1969, curfew was imposed for 65 days in a row, while in 1985 the riots lasted six months. "Whether it is 1984 Delhi riots, 1992 Mumbai riots, 1985 Gujarat riots or atrocities committed in Kashmir or Godhra-related riots. [14] The commission was disbanded by the Shiv Sena led government in January 1996 and on public opposition was later reconstituted on 28 May 1996; though when it was reconstituted its terms of reference were extended to include the Bombay bomb blasts that followed in March 1993. The Bombay riots usually refers to the riots in Mumbai, in December 1992 and January 1993, in which an estimated 900 people died. I myself am a child of the Mumbai riots unleashed by Modi’s party, the BJP, in 1992. The 2006 Vadodara riots also known as the 2006 Dargah riots occurred on 1 May of that year in the city of Vadodara in the state of Gujarat in India. It faulted the Gujarat government for failure of intelligence, failure to take appropriate action, and failure to identify local factors and players. The riots were mainly due to escalations of hostilities after large scale protests by Muslims in reaction to the 1992 Babri Masjid Demolition by Hindu Karsevaks in Ayodhya. The second by then Chief Minister Narendra Modi on the second day of the violence against Muslims across Gujarat, which followed the burning to death at Godhra railway station of 58 passengers travelling on the Sabarmati Express on February 27, 2002. In the years 2017 and 2018 Khambhat saw sporadic incidents of communal tension. In 2019 alone, there were six incidents of communal clashes or riots in various rural areas or small towns in Gujarat which had been unaffected by the 2002 riots. The Commission identified two phases to the riots. But he blamed me instead, saying I was overthinking it and trying to trigger communal tensions again,” said a Gujarat-based minority rights activist who wished to remain anonymous. However, post-2002, places like Chattral in Gandhinagar district, Vadavali in Patan, Khambhat in Anand, Idar in Sabarkantha and Halvad in Morbi have been witnessing communal violence. 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