The 8,907 sq. mykiss). Genetic testing of native Lahontan cutthroat trout from Independence Lake in the Tahoe National […] [84] As Pyramid Lake has a very shallow shoreline, anglers use ladders to stand comfortably in 3 to 4 feet (0.9 to 1.2 m) of water and cast to trout cruising along shoreline breaks. Lahontan Cutthroat Trout Status Update, 2009; Updated Goals and Objectives for the Con servation of Lahontan Cutthroat Trout, 2019 Partners: The states of California, Nevada, and … [8] Coastal cutthroat trout use a large variety of habitat types, including lower and upper reaches of both large and small river systems, estuaries, sloughs, ponds, lakes, and near shore ocean waters. During winter, coastal cutthroat trout eat earthworms washed in by winter storms. [66], Cutthroat trout are prized as a gamefish, particularly by fly anglers. The introduction of hatchery-raised Yellowstone cutthroat trout into native ranges of other cutthroat trout subspecies, particularly the westslope cutthroat trout, has resulted in intraspecific breeding and diminished genetic purity of the westslope subspecies. [7], In 1989, morphological and genetic studies indicated trout of the Pacific basin were genetically closer to Pacific salmon (Oncorhynchus species) than to the Salmos–brown trout (S. trutta) or Atlantic salmon (S. salar) of the Atlantic basin. These were most likely Rio Grande cutthroat trout (O. c. virginalis)[4] The species was first described in the journals of explorer William Clark from specimens obtained during the Lewis and Clark Expedition from the Missouri River near Great Falls, Montana, and these were most likely the westslope cutthroat trout (O. c. lewisi). [40], Cutthroat trout have been introduced into non-native waters outside their historic native range, but not to the extent of the rainbow trout (O. Fly anglers search for sea-run cutthroat trout along beaches, river mouths and estuaries year round. Cutthroat Trout (Oncorhynchus clarkii) is a fish species of the salmon family native to cold-water tributaries of the Pacific Ocean, Rocky Mountains, and Great Basin in North America.This black-spotted game fish is named for its bright-red streaks beneath the lower jaws. [32] Fisheries biologist Robert J. Behnke attributes the extinction of the yellowfin cutthroat trout (O. c. macdonaldi) and Alvord cutthroat trout (O. c. alvordensis) subspecies to the introduction of non-native rainbow trout. Lahontan cutthroat trout is a threatened subspecies of cutthroat trout endemic to the Great Basin of southeast Oregon, northern Nevada, and northeastern California (Coffin and Cowan 1995). Cutthroat trout are not picky. The coastal cutthroat is unique in that they are semi-anadromous meaning they live part of their lives out in sea however not to the extent of steelhead or salmon. Eggs hatch into alevins or sac fry in about a month and spend two weeks in the gravel while they absorb their yolk sack before emerging. The cutthroat trout type species and several subspecies are the official state fish of seven western U.S. states. In my experience, cutthroat tend to take bait deep, so if your goal is catch-and-release, you might consider an artificial lure rather than bait. [60], The most serious impact on the genetic purity of most cutthroat trout subspecies results from interspecific and intraspecific breeding resulting in hybrids that carry the genes of both parents. These fish average 8 to 9 in (20 to 23 cm) in small streams and 8 to 22 in (20 to 56 cm) in larger rivers and lakes. [62] Then, in 1994, park officials discovered lake trout (Salvelinus namaycush) in Yellowstone Lake. "The Case for Humboldtensis: A Subspecies Name for The Indigenous Cutthroat Trout, 10.3398/1527-0904(2008)68[58:tcfhas]2.0.co;2, "Analysis of Genetic Variation and Population Genetic Structure in Lahontan Cutthroat Trout (, "Species Profile-Lahontan cutthroat trout (, "Species Profile-Paiute cutthroat trout (, "Species Profile-Greenback Cutthroat trout (, "NAS - Nonindigenous Aquatic Species-Oncorhynchus clarki", "Conservation of The Conchos Trout: A White Paper On History of Its Discovery, Report on Its Status, and An Urgent Plea For Action", "NAS - Nonindigenous Aquatic Species / Specimen Information / Oncorhynchus clarkii (Cutthroat Trout)", "Complementation of Habitats for Bonneville Cutthroat Trout in Watersheds Influenced by Beavers, Livestock, and Drought", "Role of stream ice on Fall and Winter Movements and Habitat Use by Bull Trout and Cutthroat Trout in Montana Headwater Streams", 10.1577/1548-8659(1998)127<0223:rosiof>2.0.co;2, "BC Conservation Data Centre: Species Summary Oncorhynchus clarkii Cutthroat Trout", "Bull Trout Facts (Salvelinus confluentus)", "A Grand Experiment—100 Years of Fisheries Management in Yellowstone: Part I", "Long-term Effects of a Trophic Cascade in a Large Lake Ecosystem", "Conserving Yellowstone Cutthroat Trout for the Future of the GYE", "Lake Trout Discovered In Yellowstone Lake", "Lake Trout Suppression and Yellowstone Cutthroat Trout Recovery: It's About More than Just Fish", "Curtis Robinson shows the huge cutthroat trout", "The Status and Management of Coastal Cutthroat Trout in Alaska", "A Grand Experiment—The Tide Turns in the 1950s: Part II", "20 Pounds? 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