Bronze Age European Bell Beaker People According to Olalde et al. The culture owes its name to the distictive collared flask ceramic, perhaps a precursor of the Bell-beaker ceramic that would spread across the western half of Europe from 2800 BCE. No. They were a population. The grave of a 16–18 year-old female and a 17–20 year-old male dating to c.2000-1950 BC. The huge study involved the extraction of DNA from 400 ancient Europeans, including samples from Neolithic, Copper Age and Bronze Age peoples, 226 of them from the Beaker period. So, most of the ancestors of people in France, Spain/Portugal, British Isles, and Northern Italy were involved in Bell Beaker culture (some were the ones with R1b L151, some locals who … Also, they weren't an elite. They made a big presence wherever they went. In reality, based off the sicilian bell beaker samples, we know that south italians largely had this CHG component already elevated in them by the bronze age (in contrast to central/north italians who seemed to have recieved it around the time of the Iron age to Roman Empire). image caption Bronze Age Bell Beaker pottery from Camino de las Yeseras near Madrid The researchers looked at the Y chromosome - a package of DNA passed down more or less unchanged from father to son. Neolithic agricultural economy dominated by animal husbandry of sheep, cattle, pigs and goats that grazed in a demarcated piece of land around the farmers' houses. Here, we have our first SGC Y-profile from Gjerrild, in Jutland and he is indeed R1b. Eurogenes' prediction that the Single Grave Culture is the root source of pan-European Bell Beaker lineages is starting to show some fruit.. A new paper is on the street, Genomic Steppe ancestry in skeletons from the Neolithic Single Grave Culture, by Egfjord et al, 2021. Bell Beaker DNA and Quick Out-takes I'll give a couple of out-takes from the Haak et al paper which is the biggest study of ancient European DNA ever. They replaced 90% of gene pool in Britain, 40% of the gene pool in Iberia. The distinctive, bell-shaped clay vessels that inspired the Beaker folk moniker first appeared in the archaeological record in 2750 BCE, and became a … I wanted to wait until I had a chance to thoroughly read the paper (linked below) and condense the most interesting points. The DNA also shows that the Beaker folk would have had generally different pigmentation that of the population they replaced, who had olive-brown skin, dark hair and brown eyes. A new study in the journal Nature suggests that the Neolithic population of ancient Britain was almost completely replaced by newcomers, the Beaker people, by about 2500BC. And it significantly replaced the local hunter-gatherer genes across Europe with the indelible stamp of steppe DNA, as happened in Britain with the migration of the Bell Beaker people to the island. Bell Beaker ancestry correlates with distribution of R1b L151. What, bell beaker DNA shows is the R1b L151 folk were not quite people who kept to themselves.