THE SURNAME Mercado was the original surname of the Rizal family. Afterward, Rizal spent three months in the nearby village, Wilhemsfeld where he wrote the last few chapters of ‘Noli Me Tangere’. He changed his surname to protect his identity. Some of the explanations with this are: Jose’s real last name, Mercado, during those times was a hot name, targeted by the Spaniards. However, the name change caused confusion in the business affairs of Francisco, most of which were begun under the old name. After his execution Josephine, accompanied by Paciano and Trinidad Rizal entered rebel territory in Cavite. Why … Lorenzo was from Biñan, Laguna. The Rizal Family: A Good Middle Class Family • They belonged to the Principalia • Had a large 2-storey Stone House, a Carjuahe and a vast private library home of 1,000 and more books • Can afford to send their children to Manila for college 13. If this story was indeed true, this may be the reason behind the conflict between the Alonzos and the Alberto clan. Cruz to face trial. Jose Rizal’s grandmother, Brigida Quintos was “another woman.”  Rizal’s grandfather, Lorenzo Alberto’s legal wife was Paula Florentino of Vigan who was younger by twelve years. So why did Rizal’s surname become Rizal instead of Mercado? The name is derived from Spanish " rizal " or "ricial," meaning "verdant" or "green" (as ricestalk), the main agricultural crop of their family industry. Their daughter, Regina, married Manuel de Quintos, Filipino-Chinese lawyer from Pangasinan. Soledad was the most beautiful among the Rizal sisters, having a mestizo father. Instead she fed it to a dog, which died immediately. He was an educated mestizo that reached the pinnacle of political power during his time. The novel is a scathing indictment of the Catholic Church and Spanish colonial rule in the Philippines, and its publication cemented Rizal's position on the Spanish colonial government's list of troublemakers. Her great-grandfather, Rizal's maternal great-great-grandfather, Eugenio Ursua (of Japanese ancestry), who married a Filipina named Benigna (surname unknown). His real and complete name was Dr. José Rizal Protasio Mercado y Alonso Realonda. Rizal means "Ricial or grains", and they started using it 1731. José Rizal 1861-1896. He should have been Jose Mercado right? Combining the paternal and maternal ancestry, therefore Jose Rizal was born with Malay, Chinese, Japanese and Spanish lineages in his blood. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. She was also traced to Eugenio Ursua whose ancestors came from Japan. In order to hide this shameful act, Saturnina went out on a vacation with her mother Teodora, only to come back later with a newborn child. Jose Burgos, and Paciano feared that Rizal would not be accepted under his real name. Teodora came with daughter Saturnina. José Rizal was born in 1861 to Francisco Rizal Mercado y Alejandro and Teodora Alonso Realonda y Quintos in the town of Calamba in Laguna province. Domingo Lam-co, the family’s paternal ascendant was a full-blooded Chinese who came to the Philippines from Amoy, China in the closing years of the 17th century and married a Chinese half-breed by the name of Ines de la Rosa. Teodora Alonzo died on August 16, 1911 at the age of 84. José changed his surname from Mercado to his middle name, " Rizal." She was the second daughter of Lorenzo Alberto Alonso who was a former representative of Spanish Cortes and Brigida de Quintos whose parents were Manuel de Quintos, of a well-known family in Pangasinan and Regina Ursua who was the daughter of Benigna and Eugene Ursua. The Rizal family is considered as one of the largest families during the… ( Log Out /  For one semester, I’ve known who… Teodora claimed that the child was hers. Rizal wrote "Noli Me Tangere" in Spanish; it was published in 1887 in Berlin, Germany. He was able to establish a private library and kept carriage. The departure of Jose Rizal for Spain was kept secret from Spanish authorities, friars and even to his parents especially to his mother because she would not allow him to go. In his long and meaty letter to Choleng dated June 6, 1890, Jose told her sister that he was proud of her for becoming a teacher. Back from a trip from abroad he immediately confined his wife in one of the rooms. Rizal studied at the Ateneo, a private high school, and then to the University of St. Thomas in … This section is a placeholder for information about the Rizal surname. Family name: The family name Mercado was changed to Rizal due to a law in 1850. Jose Alberto’s wife Teodora did not eat the food. 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